How are your rugs shipped?

Our rugs are shipped either by UPS ground service or FedEx ground service.

What do you charge for shipping?

Shipping to the continental USA is not free. It depends on the weight and size of the rug.

Do you ship to Hawaii?

Yes. We do ship to Hawaii. For price information, please don’t hesitate to call us.

What if I don’t like my rug?

You may return your rug for any reason within 4-6 days with approval.

How do I arrange for a return?

Before you can return your rug you will need to get a return authorization number. Please call us at 713-266-7772 or e-mail us at info@davidorientalrugs.com to arrange for a return.

Who pays for the shipping back?

All return shipment costs are the responsibility of the customer.

What types of payment plans do you accept?

We accept all major credit cards including Visa, MasterCard, Discover and American Express. You may also pay by money order. We also accept checks.

How can I contact David Oriental Rugs?

You may contact us via the following:

What is a tufted Oriental Rug?

Hand tufted area rugs resemble more expensive hand knotted rugs in intricacy of design, detail and coloring. A hand tufted rug is constructed by pushing yarns through a heavy canvas backing, then shearing the face of the rug to create a cut pile. These rugs are very heavy, extremely dense in weave and are very low in terms of quality. We don’t recommend these rugs.

What is a hooked Oriental Rug?

Hooked rugs are made with wool and are woven using a hand hook, similar in shape to a crochet hook, to form a looped pile. Our hooked rugs are made on a non-skid latex backing.

How long will my rug last?

There are many factors that can affect the longevity of an area rug. They include fiber type, weave and density. Our handmade rugs can last from 60 to as much as 100 years.

Common Oriental Rugs Construction Methods

Made by tying thousands of knots to the weft threads on a loom, which are secured by the warp threads. This ancient method demands great skill – one rug can take months to create. Hand-knotting yields the strongest, longest-lasting, and most unique types of rugs available. A hand-knotted rug is a true investment and with proper care the piece will become more valuable over time.

Produced by pushing yarn up through a mesh foundation with a needle or a gun. A backing secures the tufts or loops, which can be snipped (known as cut pile) or can be left intact (called looped or hooked) pile. A tufted rug resembles a hand-knotted one, but can be made more quickly, inexpensively and generally are mass produced.

Consisting of only weft and warp threads, therefore with no pile. They are reversible and quite literally flat, but can be soft when made from thicker fibers, such as wool. Flat weaves are lightweight and require a pad to keep them from slipping underfoot. Also because they have no pile, flat-weaves won’t hide debris or dirt as well as other types and will wear more quickly in high traffic areas.

What are Popular Oriental Rugs Materials?
  • Wool
    Most wool is made from the shearing of sheep. Wool is further categorized by its origin: Tibet and New Zealand are premium sources because their sheep produce higher levels of lanolin, which enhances the fiber’s strength, texture, and luminosity. Many kinds of constructions and styles are made with wool: Hand-knotted, Tufted, Flat-weave, and Power Loomed rugs.Advantages of wool
    It’s incredibly strong and durable, while remaining soft to the touch.
    Wool fibers are coated with a thin protective membrane that makes them water-, stain-, and soil-resistant, so upkeep is easier than with most other materials.
    It is highly elastic, so furniture and foot-traffic marks brush out easily.
    Wool absorbs airborne contaminates, thereby improving the air quality in your home.
    Harvesting wool is far more energy-efficient than producing synthetic fibers, so wool rugs are more eco-friendly than imitations.
    Wool is an excellent insulator, and will help keep warm air from escaping through floors in the winter.
  • Silk
    A natural protein fiber spun by silkworms or caterpillars. The Chinese were the first to develop silk textiles and the material they export is considered the highest – quality in the world. In rug making, silk is often blended with wool to increase durability and lower prices. Most rugs containing silk are either Hand-knotted or handwoven.Advantages of Silk
    Silk rugs are the softest you will find, and they have a sophisticated, elegant look.
    Surprisingly, silk is one of the most durable fibers around, which is why the rugs can last a lifetime.
    Silk fibers have an innate luster and sheen that make them highly reflective. The colors change constantly with the light, yielding a uniquely dynamic look.
  • Natural Plant Fibers
    Hemp, Cactus, Bamboo, Allo, Banana Silk, Jute ect. are all fibers that are harvested and extracted from plants found in the wild or farm grown. Jute and Bamboo rugs are usually constructed with a flat pile, but Hemp, Cactus, Banana silk and Allo are often used in hand-knotted rugs.Advantages of Plant Fibers
    These materials are extremely strong and durable, most of them are also quite coarse therefore are not as soft as wool or silk.
    They fit well into most decorating schemes providing a nice neutral ground and can be used as a nice base when layering rugs.
    The fibers are processed using water-based methods that don’t introduce chemicals into the environment and are highly renewable materials. For the highly eco-conscious these rugs will be your best choice.

To extend the life of your oriental rugs, consider these tips.
  • Rotation – To insure even wear, your rug should be rotated once a year. Depending on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years.
  • Vacuuming – Oriental rugs, like most carpeting, should be vacuumed on a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fibers. Be sure not to vacuum the fringe with your beater bar! Use the end of a vacuum hose from a canister vacuum.
  • Padding – A quality pad used under your rug helps protect it from dirt, wear and slippage.
  • Spot and Spill Procedures – Make sure that you safely and immediately clean up spots and spills before they set. Blot. Do not scrub. Then spot clean with a neutral ph spotter.

WARNING: USING HARSH CHEMICALS CAN PERMANANTLY DAMAGE THE FIBERS.

Origin of oriental rugs
  • Make

The ‘make’ is the actual location where a rug is produced. A rug produced in pakistan may be Persian style and could be sold under the name of its style. At the same time, a rug could be woven in the same exact place where its style first originated. Therefore, sometimes the style and the make have the same name, and sometimes they have different names. When you are buying a handmade rug, you need to know both the name of its style, and its make because make could be a factor in the value of the rug.

  • Style

The ‘style’ of rug is the design or the look of the rug that the associated to the region, city or the village that they make the rug. Persian styles are the most diverse styles worldwide. There are over fifty different Persian styles woven in Iran and other countries such as India, Pakistan, China, and some European countries. Some well-known Persian styles include Afshar, Arak, Ardabil, Bakhtiari, Bijar, Esfahan, Farahan, Ghouchan, Hamadan, Heriz, Joshaghan, Kashan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Lilian, Malayer, Mashad, Nain, Najafabad, Natanz, Qashghai, Qazvin, Qum, Ravar, Sabzevar, Sarab, Saruk, Senneh, Serapi, Shiraz, Sultanabad, Tabriz, Tehran, Varamin, Yazd and Zanjan.

Weaving Process of oriental rugs

The most valuable and exquisite rugs are made by hand, celebrating the unique creations of individual artisans. In practice, the hand weaving process has not changed much over the centuries. It still begins with the warp, a vertical stretching of threads on a loom (the frame on which the carpet is created). Knots are hand-tied horizontally across the warp threads row by row to create the design. Following each row of knotted threads, a second series of threads known as weft are interlaced with the warp at right angles, which form the foundation of the rug. The color and thickness of the hand-knotted wool yarn, the knotting technique and construction determines the appearance of a rug. Each authentic handmade rug possesses its own unique quality through the use of hand-spun wool and hand-dyed yarn that creates a subtle difference.

Color of oriental rugs

Dyeing can be defined as the process of changing the natural color of materials such as wool, silk, and cotton. Therefore, when we discuss the color of rugs we are there are two types of colors to consider which are natural and synthetic colors.

 

Natural Colors


Until the late nineteenth century only natural dyes were used for coloring weaving yarns. Natural dyes include plant dyes, animal dyes, and mineral dyes.Plant dyes come from roots, flowers, leaves, fruit, and bark of plants.

Below are some examples of plants used as dyes:

  • Woad: mustard family
  • Indigo: blue family
  • Saffron safflower, sumac, turmeric, onionskin, rhubarb, weld, and fustic: yellow family
  • Madder, Redwood and Brazilwood: Red Family
  • Catechu dye, oak bark, oak galls, acorn husks, tea, and walnut husks: brown and Black family.

Please note, all the primary natural colors could be mixed to produce a wide variety of secondary hues. Presently, natural dyes are still used in some traditional dye-houses and villages where natural sources are readily accessible.

 

Synthetic Colors

 

During the mid-nineteenth century, the demand for handmade rugs increased in the West, therefore increasing Eastern production. To meet the demand an increased color pallet of synthetic dyes were developed in Germany and imported to Iran to reduce costs.

 

The first synthetic dyes was aniline dyes which were made from coal and tar. This dye created brilliant colors but faded rapidly with exposure to light and water. However, the use of these dyes were banned by Nasser-e-Din Shah, the Persian king of Qajar Dynasty, in 1903. Thus causing Persian weavers to discontinue the use of synthetic dyes until the modern synthetic chrome dyes were developed during the first and the second World Wars.

 

Chrome dyes are stable (any dye that retains its intensity despite exposure to light and water) and are produced in an infinite range of attractive hues that are mainly used for coloring weaving yarns. When purchasing a rug we have confidence in both types of natural and synthetic colors as they will both age elegantly over time.

Knots of oriental rugs

Knotting can be defined as the tying of the colored yarn around the threads of the foundation that creates the pile of a carpet. The most important element in creating a quality rug is its basic construction and the integrity of its principal materials. Additionally, knotting is a precised skill and is crucial to the aesthetics of a finished carpet. Rugs do not need to have a large knot count to be high quality. So be wary if someone tries to sell you a rug solely on the basis of a knot count.

KPSI

Knots per square inch and determines the number of knots in one square inch of the rug. It represents the overall number of knots used in creation of a handmade rug. Usually, City rugs have higher KPSI since they have more detail and they use finer wool. Tribal rugs have lower KPSI since their design is more simple and geometric.

The diagrams below illustrate two different knotting techniques that are used depending upon the geographical origin and specific use of the carpet.

SYMMETRICAL KNOT

The cut ends of the yarn emerge between two warp threads around which it is tied.

The knot is used primarily in Turkey, the Caucasus, and in many rural regions in Iran, and by some Turkoman tribes.

 

ASYMMETRICAL KNOT

This is also known as the Persian knot and encircles only one pair of warps.

Many asymmetrically knotted rugs display more finely patterned motifs.

 

Composition of oriental rugs

A rug composition is comprised of three parts; layout, field and border. When we discuss the layout of a rug, we are talking about the overall arrangements of motifs or objects that are woven in to the rug. A motif is any single form or corresponding group of forms that creates a portion of the design. However the term is fairly general and it can be divided into three additional kinds such as one sided, medallion and all-over layouts.

The field of a rug is the area that contains the medallion, motifs and the corners of the rug. Generally, the field’s color is the dominant color of the background with exception to the border. Frequently used background colors are red, blue, beige, and yellow.

Surrounding the field are two borders including internal and external. While the internal border frames the field, the external border encompasses the whole rug, which is secured by Selvedge. Additionally, the border color is not as readily distinguished as the background color. Most border colors consist of red, blue, beige, yellow, and green.

 

One Sided Layouts

Prayer and pictorial rugs are consider to have one sided layouts

because the design is woven in one direction. As a result, these

designs can only be viewed from one side (similar to a photograph).

One Sided Layouts

Prayer and pictorial rugs are consider to have one sided layouts

because the design is woven in one direction. As a result, these

designs can only be viewed from one side (similar to a photograph).

One Sided Layouts

Prayer and pictorial rugs are consider to have one sided layouts

because the design is woven in one direction. As a result, these

designs can only be viewed from one side (similar to a photograph).

Types of Weave used in oriental rugs

The earliest form of weave is the dimensional flat weave, where horizontal threads are passed over and under vertical threads. This kind of weaving can be traced back to ancient Egyptian times, before pile weaving began. There are four types of flat weave rugs: Kilim, Dhurry, Sumakh and Aubusson.

  • Kilim
    The Kilim uses the same type of dye and the same patterns in certain areas. The peculiar characteristic of kilims is due to the primitive form of weaving. The weft wool threads are twisted very firm to give the look of linen. The weft threads do not go beyond the particular figure in the pattern and once it is finished perfectly the rug is exactly the same on both sides. Do to the method of weaving, the design is geometric. The meaning of the word Kilim is “double faced”, they are reversible. Persian Kilim is called Gileem and comes in a few different types but the finest of these are the Sehna.

 

  • Dhurry
    The Dhurry is a flat weave rug made in India and in Afghanistan. Old Dhurries are made of cotton and are tightly woven. These rugs were used in wedding ceremonies and other important occasions. Flat weave was essentially the art. At some point there were rules and regulations concerning the quality of the products were established. The best rugs were made by a limited group which included members of the local authority and other influential people.New Durries are made from both cotton and wool. The best ones have five or six ply wool yarn twisted together to make the weft threads. The tighter the weave is, the longer the rug lasts. The lowest quality Dhurries are used as bed covers and underlay for fine rugs. These types of weaves have also been seen in American Indian rugs from Peru.

 

  • Sumakh
    Sumakhs are flat weaves with design on one side, with loose ends at the back. Sumakhs are hand make pileless carpets from the Caucasus, around the Caspian Sea. The design of the Sumakh is like any other rug from the Caucasus, geometric and ornate. The ground is covered with geometric shapes running lengthwese with the occasional star or diamond which is the knot of destiny. There are many beautiful finished weaves made for tents, bags and saddle bags in this area. The women of the tribes placed a high value on design improvement by filling the spaces with small designs without loosing the overall stability of the main design.
    The closest technique of weaving is found in the Kashmir shawls where the two dimensional fabric is made with the design on one side, leaving the loose threads inside. Because of its similarity in technique and fineness, Sumakhs were also called Kashmir. A long needle with a hook is used to insert the different threads between the warp and weft.

 

  • Aubusson
    Aubusson is woven in France using the Kilim or slit-tapestry technique. The term is also used to refer to the familiar design of these rugs, which generally feature a floral medallion worked in pastel shades. First flat-weave Aubussons appeared in about 1768. In making the Aubusson, the weaver pulls the colored yarns of weft through neutral-colored warp threads that will make a smooth-surfaced fabric that runs the width of the finished rug. The resulting weave is like the weave employed for tapestries, but heavier and thicker.
Types of Dyes

There are three types of dye used:

  • Vegetable dye
  • Analine dye in 1856
  • Chrome dye in 1930
Oriental Rugs as Art

The manuscript painters were a great source for carpet designs. The tulip design which originated in Turkey evolved from the calligraphers’s brush to ceramic forms, into carpets. The collaboration between the Islamic architects and designers and weavers is quite evident. Variety as well as, repetition is the theme in this art form. Compared to the modern artists, the ancient art of rug weaving was mostly anonymous by artists who left the rugs unsigned. Sometimes pieces are signed like the Ardebil Mosque rug signed by Maqsood of Kashan, as a prayer of art dedicated to god and to the Mosque.
Oushak rugs of 15th century Turkey are used in paintings of Lorenzo Lotto and Hans Holbein. From several documentary sources we know that Turkish and Persian rugs were used as table covers, wall hangings, trappings for horses and carriages, alters, pulpit and communion table decorations. They also were used in marriages and funeral rituals. Hungary and Transylvania were influenced by the Ottoman.

 

Design of oriental rugs

From the antiques of Isfahan, Ardebil, and Mongol carpets, down to the pieces that are manufactured today in India, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and Romania, the same imagination persists – a flower garden, the open air, life. In antique rugs the field is closely covered and stems, leaves, and tendrils pave the winding paths of multicolored flowers and vines on which the design is formed. The arabesques, panels, corner pieces and figures are all balanced. There is a perfection in detail and composition which adds a special charm to the old rugs. In later years, a medallion was added to the design bringing a centerpiece therefore the repeat pattern became more unusual. Though, centuries have come and gone, many of the classic patterns are still used. The cone, which has become paisley, the rosette and serrated leaves of the Herati pattern, the growing vine, the rose, carnation, lily, peony, the star like Henna blossoms, the palmette, the pomegranate, the shah abbas and the Minakhani patterns, the turtle, the Chinese knot of destiny with birds, trees and animals are all still used.